The '''Gukurahundi''' (Shona language|Shona
: "the early rain which washes away the chaff
before the spring rains"
[Nyarota, Geoffrey. ''Against the Grain''. Page 134.]
) was the suppression of Zimbabwean civilians, mostly supporters of Joshua Nkomo
, by Zimbabwe's Zimbabwean Fifth Brigade|5th Brigade
in the predominantly Northern Ndebele people|Ndebele
regions of Zimbabwe
during the 1980s. A few hundred disgruntled former Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army
(ZIPRA) combatants waged armed banditry against the civilians in Matabeleland
, and destroyed government installations.
Similar attacks were carried out by militia from neighbouring South Africa, which was then under apartheid
and hoped to destabilise Zimbabwe. In the ensuing conflict thousands were killed—estimates range as high as 30,000.
An in-depth report by the Catholic Commission for...